Main Article Content
This study explores the challenges that the manufacturing sector in Tanzania face in identifying and capturing competent university graduates in their recruitment and retention processes. The main objectives of the study were: (i) to identify the generic employability skills required by manufacturing employers in Tanzania and, (ii) to investigate manufacturing industry employers’ satisfaction with the recruited talents’ performance. The study was carried out by inviting employers to complete a survey which was sent to them by mail in 2017. Out of 200 questionnaires sent to 200 companies which were identified through the Directory of Employers Association of Tanzania, 80 companies responded with 80 usable questionnaires which made a 40% response rate. In particular, about 69% of employers considered employees’ inter-personal qualities either very important or important and were satisfied with them, Pearson’s Chi Square = 12.898, P = .012. The study also found that informational skills, inter-personal qualities, technological skills, and entrepreneurial skills were significantly associated with employers’ satisfaction with overall employee performance. However, employers also identified a mismatch between skills the graduates have compared to what they consider as ideal generic skills and competencies required in the sector. The These findings suggest that there is a great need of enhancing academia-public-private partnership in improving higher education institutions’ delivery in order to meet labour market demands and employers’ expectations.
Trust Africa Report. Enhancing the contribution of higher education in the industrialization process of Tanzania; 2017.
Retrieved on July 6th, 2020.
YorkeM, KnightPT.Embedding employability into the curriculum. Learning and Employability Series One. Higher Education Academy. York; 2006.
(Retrieved on January 13th, 2020).
Abbas J.Sagsan M. Identification of key employability attributes and evaluation of university graduates’ performance: Instrument development and validation, Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning. Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print; 2019.
World Economic Forum. Building Social Partnerships for Better Skills and Better Jobs. Paper prepared by the Global Agenda Council on Employment; 2014.
Report_2014.pdf (Retrieved on January 11th, 2020)
ILO. World Employment Social Outlook: Trends for Women 2018 – Global snapshot. International Labour Office, Geneva; 2018.
(Retrieved on January 9th, 2020).
ILO. Decent work agenda: Promoting decent work for all. International Labour Office; 2014.
ILO. Women at Work: Trends 2016. International Labour Office, Geneva; 2016.
ILO. World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for women 2017. International Labour Office, Geneva; 2017.
ILO. The future of work – The time for talking is over, International Labour Office, Geneva; 2019.
Available:https://iloblog.org/2019/07/16/the-future-of-work-the-time-for-talking-is-over/ (Retrieved on 9th January 2020).
Ministry of Finance and Planning. Second Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21. Implementation Strategy for the National Development Plan 2016/17 – 2020/21 Volume I - The action plans; 2018.
Retrieved on July 7th, 2020.
Ministry of finance and planning. Tanzania Development Vision; 2025.
Retrieved on July 7th, 2020.
Mkude JD,Ishumi AG. Tracer studies in a quest for academic improvement. Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press; 2004.
Kasumba FO,LukeloR. Sustainable development and graduate unemployment
in Tanzania. Book Chapter in Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Maciej Z, (Editor). WDR, Włocławek, Poland; 2015.
Sleezer CM. Gularte MA. Waldner L. Cook J. Business and higher education partner to develop a high-skilled workforce: A case-study. Performance Improvement Quarterly. 2004;17(2):65–82.
Possa G. Europe’s Universities Response to Europe’s Challenges. Higher Education in Europe. 2006;31(4):355–357.
Andrews J. Higson H. Graduate employability, ‘soft skills’ versus ‘hard’ business knowledge: A European Study. Higher Education in Europe. 2008;33(4):411- 422.
Elias P, Purcell K. Is mass higher education working? Evidence from the labour market experiences of recent graduates. National Institute Economic Review.2004;190:60–74.
Harvey L. Bowers-Brown T. Employability cross-country comparisons. Graduate Market Trends. Winter 2004/5.
Retrieved on 7th July 2020.
Wilton N. Employability is in the eye of the beholder: Employer decision-making in the recruitment of work placement students. Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning. 2014;4(3):242-255.
Kozlowski SW, Klein K. A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations; contextual, temporal, and emergent processes. In Klein K, Kozlowski SW, (editors). Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations: Foundations, Extensions and New Directions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2000:3-90.